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SmartModule Development

This tutorial expects you to already have the Fluvio CLI installed, and InfinyOn Cloud set up. If neither of these is the case, please follow the setup tutorial!

There are four main steps for this tutorial:

  • Installing the SmartModule Development Kit CLI, smdk
  • Generating a SmartModule project
  • Testing the SmartModule behavior with inputs
  • Loading the SmartModule into a cluster
 

SmartModules

SmartModules are user defined functions set to run on and modify the inputs/outputs to a Fluvio database.

In this tutorial, we will create a configurable SmartModule that takes in a regular expression rule, and filters input based on whether it matches the rule.

 

Installing SmartModule Development Kit CLI

This first example will demonstrate creating, loading, and testing a SmartModule that filters based on whether the content matches a regular expression rule.

We will need a custom map SmartModule project, which we can generate with the SmartModule Development Kit CLI, smdk.

You can install smdk with the Fluvio CLI

$ fluvio install smdk
 

Generate a new SmartModule project

With smdk, you can generate a new SmartModule project with the guided wizard. We’re going to create a project named regex_filter in our current directory by running smdk generate regex_filter

$ smdk generate regex_filter
Generating new SmartModule project: regex_filter
fluvio-smartmodule-cargo-dependency => '0.3.0'
⚠️   Renaming project called `regex_filter` to `regex-filter`...
✔ 🤷   Which type of SmartModule would you like? · filter
🤷   Please set a group name : my-group
✔ 🤷   Will your SmartModule use init parameters? · true
Ignoring: /var/folders/r8/4x6_d2rn283946frzd1gc1pr0000gn/T/.tmpQXKwnh/smartmodule/cargo_template/cargo-generate.toml
[1/5]   Done: Cargo.toml
[2/5]   Done: README.md
[3/5]   Done: SmartModule.toml
[4/5]   Done: src/lib.rs
[5/5]   Done: src
🔧   Moving generated files into: `/home/user/project/regex_filter`...
💡   Initializing a fresh Git repository
✨   Done! New project created /home/user/project/regex_filter
hub: hubid my-group is set
hubid set to my-group

Navigate to the project directory and take a look at the Cargo.toml file:

$ cd regex-filter && cat Cargo.toml

You will need to add a couple of dependencies:

[package]
name = "regex-filter"
version = "0.1.0"
authors = ["Fluvio Contributors <team@fluvio.io>"]
edition = "2021"

[lib]
crate-type = ['cdylib']

[dependencies]
fluvio-smartmodule = "0.3.0"
serde = { version = "1", features = ["derive"] }
serde_json = "1"
once_cell = "1.13.0"
regex = "1.6.0"

[profile.release-lto]
inherits = "release"
lto = true

And copy/paste this code in place of the auto-generated code in lib.rs :

// lib.rs
use once_cell::sync::OnceCell;
use regex::Regex;

use fluvio_smartmodule::{
   dataplane::smartmodule::{SmartModuleExtraParams, SmartModuleInitError},
   eyre, smartmodule, Record, Result,
};

static REGEX: OnceCell<Regex> = OnceCell::new();

#[smartmodule(init)]
fn init(params: SmartModuleExtraParams) -> Result<()> {
   if let Some(regex) = params.get("regex") {
       REGEX
           .set(Regex::new(regex)?)
           .map_err(|err| eyre!("regex init: {:#?}", err))
   } else {
       Err(SmartModuleInitError::MissingParam("regex".to_string()).into())
   }
}

#[smartmodule(filter)]
pub fn filter(record: &Record) -> Result<bool> {
   let string = std::str::from_utf8(record.value.as_ref())?;
   Ok(REGEX.get().unwrap().is_match(string))
}

Now that we have the SmartModule project created and code written, we need to build it.

 

Build SmartModule

Building a SamartModule is trivial:

$ smdk build
 

Test SmartModule

Using smdk test, we’ll use a simple regular expression that will return when the record contains only numbers.

 

Filter pass example

We expect the input 42 will return because there are only all numbers

$ smdk test -e regex="^[0-9]*$" --text 42
project name: "regex-filter"
loading module at: target/wasm32-unknown-unknown/release-lto/regex_filter.wasm
1 records outputed
42
 

Filter drop example 1

We expect the input abc will drop because there are no numbers

$ smdk test -e regex="^[0-9]*$" --text abc
project name: "regex-filter"
loading module at: target/wasm32-unknown-unknown/release-lto/regex_filter.wasm
0 records outputed
 

Filter drop example 2

We expect the input abc123 will also drop because there are letters mixed with numbers

$ smdk test -e regex="^[0-9]*$" --text abc123
project name: "regex-filter"
loading module at: target/wasm32-unknown-unknown/release-lto/regex_filter.wasm
0 records outputed
 

Load package into cluster

In the previous steps, we used smdk generate to a SmartModule package. This is what the SmartModule.toml package metadata looks like.

[package]
name = "regex-filter"
group = "my-group"
version = "0.1.0"
apiVersion = "0.1.0"
description = ""
license = "Apache-2.0"

[[params]]
name = "input"
description = "input description"
$ smdk load 
Loading package at: /home/user/project/regex_filter
Found SmartModule package: regex-filter
loading module at: /home/user/project/regex_filter/target/wasm32-unknown-unknown/release-lto/regex_filter.wasm
Trying connection to fluvio router.infinyon.cloud:9003
Creating SmartModule: regex-filter

When you list the SmartModules in your cluster, you’ll see that the regex-filter results match the name, version and group from the SmartModule.toml file.

$ fluvio sm list
  SMARTMODULE                      SIZE     
  my-group/regex-filter@0.1.0      316.4 KB 

With the SmartModule loaded in the cluster, we will test that our filter works with data from a topic.

This basic example we’ll create a new topic, and load it with values.

Create a file values.txt with the following contents:

$ cat values.txt
42
abc
abc123

Create a topic filter-test:

$ fluvio topic create filter-test 

Load values.txt file to filter-test topic:

$ fluvio produce filter-test -f values.txt
$ fluvio consume filter-test -dB --smartmodule my-group/regex-filter@0.1.0 -e regex="^[0-9]*$"
Consuming records from the beginning of topic 'filter-test'
42

Or you can just use the SmartModule by name, if it is unique

$ fluvio consume filter-test -dB  --smartmodule regex-filter -e regex="^[0-9]*$" 
Consuming records from the beginning of topic 'filter-test'
42

You now know the development workflow for SmartModules with smdk. You can now generate your own project that processes data. For additional information on how to publish and share SmartModules checkout SmartModule Hub.

 

Check out these Other Tutorials

 

References