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FilterMap

SmartModule FilterMaps are used to both transform and potentially filter records from a stream at the same time. This can be useful for a number of scenarios including working with data with nullable fields, or working with subsets of event data. In these cases, FilterMap allows us discard irrelevant data - such as records with null fields or event types that we don’t care about - while also performing meaningful work with relevant data - such as reformatting fields we’ve extracted or events we’ve gathered.

FilterMap functions work by returning an Option of a new record. To discard a record from the stream, return None. Otherwise, transform the record according to your needs and return it as Some(record).

SmartModule FilterMap

Let’s dive in and see how to use this in practice. You can find the full code for this doc’s example in the fluvio-smartmodule-examples repository.

Prerequisites

This section assumes that SMDK is installed.

 

Getting Practical: Transform Order Ready events in a mobile shopping App

For this example, we’ll write a simplified version of the online grocery-notifications example we blogged about. In this simplified example, we’ll consider a stream that has two event types: Account Created and Order Ready. We’ll use FilterMap to discard account_created events, and to transform order_ready events into text messages that should be sent to the user.

Let’s take a look at some sample input for this example:

{"type":"account_created","account_id":"1","username":"bill9876","preferred_name":"Bill","phone_number":"1-800-234-5678"}
{"type":"order_ready","account_id":"1","sms_number":"1-800-234-5678","sms_name":"Bill"}
{"type":"account_created","account_id":"2","username":"mary","preferred_name":"Mary","phone_number":"1-222-222-2222"}
{"type":"order_ready","account_id":"2","sms_number":"1-222-222-2222","sms_name":"Mary"}

We’d like to discard the account_created events, keep the order_ready events, and transform the order_ready events to a nice message that should be sent to the user. The output records in this stream should look like this:

{"number":"1-800-234-5678","message":"Hello Bill, your groceries have been collected and are ready to pick up!"}
{"number":"1-222-222-2222","message":"Hello Mary, your groceries have been collected and are ready to pick up!"}
 

Create a SmartModule Project

Run smdk generate with the name of the filter and choose the “filter” options:

$ smdk generate filter-map
project-group => 'john'
fluvio-smartmodule-cargo-dependency => '"0.3.0"'
๐Ÿ”ง   Destination: ~/smdk/filter-map ...
๐Ÿ”ง   Generating template ...
โœ” ๐Ÿคท   Will your SmartModule use init parameters? ยท false
โœ” ๐Ÿคท   Which type of SmartModule would you like? ยท filter-map
Ignoring: /var/folders/5q/jwc86771549058kmbkbqjcdc0000gn/T/.tmp5Yi3lU/cargo-generate.toml
[1/5]   Done: Cargo.toml
[2/5]   Done: README.md
[3/5]   Done: SmartModule.toml
[4/5]   Done: src/lib.rs
[5/5]   Done: src
๐Ÿ”ง   Moving generated files into: `~/smdk/filter-map`...
๐Ÿ’ก   Initializing a fresh Git repository
โœจ   Done! New project created ~/smdk/filter-map

The generator created a sample code for us, let’s go ahead and update it.

 

The Code: Writing our FilterMap

We’ll want to cd into the project directory for the rest of the commands to work:

$ cd filter-map

Now, let’s jump right into the code. Copy and paste the following block into the src/lib.rs file in the new SmartModule project:

use fluvio_smartmodule::{smartmodule, Record, RecordData, Result};
use serde::{Deserialize, Serialize};

/// Events that may take place in an online grocery service
#[derive(Debug, Serialize, Deserialize)]
#[serde(tag = "type", rename_all = "snake_case")]
enum GroceryEvent {
    AccountCreated {
        account_id: String,
        username: String,
        preferred_name: String,
        phone_number: String,
    },
    OrderReady {
        account_id: String,
        sms_number: String,
        sms_name: String,
    },
}

#[smartmodule(filter_map)]
fn filter_map(record: &Record) -> Result<Option<(Option<RecordData>, RecordData)>> {
    let event: GroceryEvent = match serde_json::from_slice(record.value.as_ref()) {
        Ok(event) => event,
        Err(_) => return Ok(None), // Skip if we fail to parse JSON
    };

    let sms_message = match event {
        GroceryEvent::OrderReady {
            sms_name,
            sms_number,
            ..
        } => serde_json::json!({
            "number": sms_number,
            "message": format!(
                "Hello {}, your groceries have been collected and are ready to pick up!",
                sms_name
            ),
        }),
        _ => return Ok(None),
    };

    let message_json = serde_json::to_string(&sms_message)?;
    Ok(Some((record.key.clone(), message_json.into())))
}

Let’s break down what’s happening here. First, we have a GroceryEvent enum which represents the different types of input record we are expecting. We’re using serde to automatically serialize and deserialize our JSON into this enum type.

Next, we check what type of event we received. If it’s an order_ready event, we transform it, picking the phone number and account preferred name and creating a record that contains a text-friendly message that should be sent to the user. If it is any other event type, we filter it out by returning Ok(None).

 

Build the SmartModule

Let’s make sure our code compiles. If eveything works as expected, there is a .wasm file generated in the target directory.

$ smdk build
...
Compiling filter-map v0.1.0 (~/smdk/filter-map)
Finished release-lto [optimized] target(s) in 11.97s

Your SmartModule WASM binary is now ready for use.

 

Test with SMDK

Let’s test our work using the command line test facility.

Test filter component to ensure non-mathing records are eliminated:

$ smdk test --text='{"type":"account_created","account_id":"1","username":"bill9876","preferred_name":"Bill","phone_number":"1-800-234-5678"}'
loading module at: ~/smdk/filter-map/target/wasm32-unknown-unknown/release-lto/filter_map.wasm
0 records outputed

Test map part to ensure matching records are transformed:

$ smdk test --text='{"type":"order_ready","account_id":"1","sms_number":"1-800-234-5678","sms_name":"Bill"}'
loading module at: ~/smdk/filter-map/target/wasm32-unknown-unknown/release-lto/filter_map.wasm
1 records outputed
{"message":"Hello Bill, your groceries have been collected and are ready to pick up!","number":"1-800-234-5678"}
 

Test on Cluster

Let’s create a new Fluvio topic to produce the sample records we want to consume with our SmartModule:

$ fluvio topic create filter-map
topic "filter-map" created

Now, let’s put our sample data into a file and produce it to our topic. Create groceries.txt with the following contents:

{"type":"account_created","account_id":"1","username":"bill9876","preferred_name":"Bill","phone_number":"1-800-234-5678"}
{"type":"order_ready","account_id":"1","sms_number":"1-800-234-5678","sms_name":"Bill"}
{"type":"account_created","account_id":"2","username":"mary","preferred_name":"Mary","phone_number":"1-222-222-2222"}
{"type":"order_ready","account_id":"2","sms_number":"1-222-222-2222","sms_name":"Mary"}

Now we can produce the sample data to our topic.

$ fluvio produce filter-map -f ./groceries.txt

Let’s double check it’s all there.

$ fluvio consume filter-map -dB
Consuming records from the beginning of topic 'filter-map'
{"type":"account_created","account_id":"1","username":"bill9876","preferred_name":"Bill","phone_number":"1-800-234-5678"}
{"type":"order_ready","account_id":"1","sms_number":"1-800-234-5678","sms_name":"Bill"}
{"type":"account_created","account_id":"2","username":"mary","preferred_name":"Mary","phone_number":"1-222-222-2222"}
{"type":"order_ready","account_id":"2","sms_number":"1-222-222-2222","sms_name":"Mary"}
 

Load SmartModule to Fluvio

The SmartModule can be loaded to local Fluvio Cluster or InfinyOn Cloud, as determined by the current profile. In this example, the profile points to InfinyOn Cloud.

$ smdk load
Loading package at: ~/smdk/filter-map
Found SmartModule package: filter-map
loading module at: ~/smdk/filter-map/target/wasm32-unknown-unknown/release-lto/filter_map.wasm
Trying connection to fluvio router.infinyon.cloud:9003
Creating SmartModule: filter-map

Rust fluvio smartmodule list to ensure your SmartModule has been uploaded:

$ fluvio smartmodule list
  SMARTMODULE                   SIZE     
  john/filter-map@0.1.0         166.6 KB

SmartModules that have been uploaded on the cluster can be used by other areas of the system (consumers, producers, connectors, etc):

$ fluvio consume filter-map -dB --smartmodule=john/filter-map@0.1.0
Consuming records from the beginning of topic 'filter-map'
{"message":"Hello Bill, your groceries have been collected and are ready to pick up!","number":"1-800-234-5678"}
{"message":"Hello Mary, your groceries have been collected and are ready to pick up!","number":"1-222-222-2222"}

Congratulations! ๐ŸŽ‰ Eveything worked as expected!

 

Publish to SmartModule Hub

Let’s publish this SmartModule to SmartModule Hub to make accessible to others.

$ smdk publish
Creating package john/filter-map@0.1.0
.. fill out info in hub/package-meta.yaml
Package hub/filter-map-0.1.0.ipkg created
Package uploaded!

Let’s double check that the SmartModule is available for download:

$ fluvio hub list
  SMARTMODULE                    
  john/filter-map@0.1.0         

Congratulations! ๐ŸŽ‰ Your SmartModule is now available for download in the SmartModule Hub.

 

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